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Shoulder injuries and rehabilitation

The shoulder complex is a ball and socket joint formed where the head of the humerus  meets the glenoid of the scapula. Also involved in the shoulder complex is the acromioclavicular joint (where the acromion meets the clavicle) the acromion and the coracoid process.

There are several other important structures involved, these include:

  • The labrum
  • Subdeltoid and subscapular bursae
  • Rotator cuff muscles (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, teres minor)
  • Several ligaments

As the shoulder is a ball and socket joint, it allows for a wide range of movements and can therefore be relatively unstable. As such, this joint is more susceptible to injury, requiring more stabilisation to reduce occurrence of injury. Stabilisation requires ensuring that the humerus sits in the optimal position in the socket of the shoulder joint, which can be achieved by correcting any strength or length imbalances in the rotator cuff muscles.

What causes these imbalances?

Imbalances can occur due to poor posture, previous shoulder injury or dislocation.

How can Physiotherapy help?

Physiotherapy can assist in the management and treatment of most shoulder injuries. Treatment is extensive, but can involve strengthening and stretching exercises, shoulder taping and manual therapy (such as soft tissue techniques and dry needling), aimed at reducing pain, restoring muscle balance and range of motion.

For more information on how Physiotherapy can assist you, contact us to make an appointment.

Eleni Tsagaris


Available for consults at Kings Cross Mona Vale Monday – Thursdays

Kings Cross: 02 8354 1534

Mona Vale: 9979 8887

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